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Program that displays graphical representation of tower of hanoi

Posted By: Easy Tutor     Category: C++ Programming     Views: 7969

Write a program that displays graphical representation of tower of hanoi.

Code for Program that displays graphical representation of tower of hanoi in C++ Programming

/*--------------------------  INCLUDE FILES -------------------------------*/

#include<iostream.h>
#include<graphics.h>
#include<process.h>
#include<fstream.h>
#include<process.h>
#include<conio.h>
#include<stdio.h>
#include<math.h>
#include<io.h>

#define ESC 27

/*------------------------  GLOBAL DECLERATIONS -----------------------------*/
ofstream fout ;
int i,j,k;
int X[10] ;
int count ;

/*------------------------  FUNCTION DECLERATIONS ----------------------------*/void InitializeScreen() ;
void transfer(int,char,char,char) ;
void StartSimulation(int) ;
void Disk(int) ;


/*-----------------------------  MAIN DADDY -------------------------------*/void main()
{
    int n;

        // To Keep The Graphical Solution Neat Only Upto 9 Disks Are Alloweddo
    {
        clrscr() ;
        cout<<endl<<"ENTER THE NO OF DISKS : ";
        cin>>n ;
        if(n>9 || n<1)
        {
           cout<<"\nILLEGAL VALUE FOR No. OF DISKS ENTER BETWEEN 1-10" ;
           getch() ;
        }
    }
    while(n>9 || n<1) ;

        /* Store The Solution In A File First           Note: Could Have Used An Array Or Structure. */
    fout.open("database.dat") ;

        // Recurrsevly Call The Transfer Function To Devise A Solution
        cout<<"\n\nS---O---L---U---T---I---O---N\n\n" ;
        cout<<"\n\tTotal No. Of Steps Required -> "<<(pow(2,n)-1)<<"\n\n" ;
    transfer(n,'L','R','C');
        cout<<"\n\nPress Any Key To View The Solution Graphically ...." ;
        cout<<"\n\n\ (Hey! Would Somebody Tell Me Where To Find The Key Named 'ANY' On My Keyboard)" ;
    getch();


    InitializeScreen() ;
    fout.close() ;

        // Display 'n' Disks Initially
    Disk(n) ;

        // Fasten Ur Seat Belts. Simulation Starts
    StartSimulation(n) ;
    getch();
}



/**************************************** Function Which Finds The Solution *****************************************/void transfer(int n,char from,char to,char temp)
{
    if(n>0)
    {
        transfer(n-1,from,temp,to);
                count++ ;
                if(count>24)
                {
                        cout<<"\n\tPress Any Key To Continue...\n\n" ;
                        getch() ;
                        count=0 ;
                }
            cout<<"MOVE DISK "<<n<<" FROM "<<from<<" TO "<<to<<endl;
        fout<<n<<from<<to<<endl ;
        transfer(n-1,temp,to,from);
    }
}

/****************************************** Initialize Graphics And The Three Pegs *******************************************/void InitializeScreen()
{
      int gDriver=DETECT,gMode ;
      initgraph(&gDriver,&gMode," ") ;
      setcolor(LIGHTGREEN) ;
      line(10,475,600,475) ;

      line(100,470,100,100) ;
      line(300,470,300,100) ;
      line(500,470,500,100) ;

          settextstyle(TRIPLEX_FONT,HORIZ_DIR,4) ;
          setcolor(YELLOW) ;
          outtextxy(90,50,"L") ;
          outtextxy(290,50,"C") ;
          outtextxy(490,50,"R") ;
}

/**************** DISPLAY DISKS *****************/void Disk(int n)
{
    int x1,y1,x2,y2 ;
    int k ;
        setcolor(MAGENTA) ;

    for(i=1,k=n,x1=5,x2=x1+190,y1=470,y2=y1-20 ; i<=n ; i++,x1+=10,x2-=10,y1-=20,y2-=20,k--)
    {
        rectangle(x1,y1,x2,y2) ;
        X[k]=x1 ;
    }
}

/**************************************************************** SHOW SOLUTION STEP BY STEP GRAPHICALLY AS USER PRESSES A KEY *****************************************************************/void StartSimulation(int n)
{
    char charac[3] ;
    char from,to ;
        char ch ;
    int disk ;
      int l,r,c ;
    int x1,y1 ;
    int length ;
    int height=20 ;
    l=n ;
    r=0 ;
    c=0 ;
    ifstream fin ;
    fin.open("database.dat") ;

    while(fin)
    {
        ch=getch() ;
            if(ch==ESC)
              exit(0) ;
        fin>>charac ;
        disk=(int)charac[0] ;
        disk-=48 ;
        from=charac[1] ;
        to=charac[2] ;
        x1=X[disk] ;
            gotoxy(2,2) ;
            cout<<"Move Disk "<<disk<<" From "<<from<<" TO "<<to ;

        if(from=='L' && to=='C')
        {
          length=2*(100-x1) ;
          y1=470-l*20 ;
          setcolor(BLACK) ;
          rectangle(x1,y1,x1+length,y1+height) ;
          l-- ;
          c++ ;
          x1=x1+200 ;
          X[disk]=X[disk]+200 ;
          y1=470-c*20 ;
        }
        if(from=='C' && to=='L')
        {
          length=2*(300-x1) ;
          y1=470-c*20 ;
          setcolor(BLACK) ;
          rectangle(x1,y1,x1+length,y1+height) ;
          c-- ;
          l++ ;
          x1=x1-200 ;
          X[disk]=X[disk]-200 ;
          y1=470-l*20 ;
        }
        if(from=='C' && to=='R')
        {
          length=2*(300-x1) ;
          y1=470-c*20 ;
          setcolor(BLACK) ;
          rectangle(x1,y1,x1+length,y1+height) ;
          r++ ;
          c-- ;
          x1=x1+200 ;
          X[disk]=X[disk]+200 ;
          y1=470-r*20 ;
        }
        if(from=='R' && to=='C')
        {
          length=2*(500-x1) ;
          y1=470-r*20 ;
          setcolor(BLACK) ;
          rectangle(x1,y1,x1+length,y1+height) ;
          r-- ;
          c++ ;
          x1=x1-200 ;
          X[disk]=X[disk]-200 ;
          y1=470-c*20 ;
        }
        if(from=='L' && to=='R')
        {
          length=2*(100-x1) ;
          y1=470-l*20 ;
          setcolor(BLACK) ;
          rectangle(x1,y1,x1+length,y1+height) ;
          l-- ;
          r++ ;
          x1=x1+400 ;
          X[disk]=X[disk]+400 ;
          y1=470-r*20 ;
        }
        if(from=='R' && to=='L')
        {
          length=2*(500-x1) ;
          y1=470-r*20 ;
          setcolor(BLACK) ;
          rectangle(x1,y1,x1+length,y1+height) ;
          r-- ;
          l++ ;
          x1=x1-400 ;
          X[disk]=X[disk]-400 ;
          y1=470-l*20 ;
        }
        setcolor(MAGENTA) ;
        rectangle(x1,y1,x1+length,y1+height) ;

            // TO REMOVE THE LAST USELESS RECTANGLEif(l==0 && c==0)
          break ;
     }
         fin.close() ;
}
  
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Easy Tutor
Easy Tutor author of Program that displays graphical representation of tower of hanoi is from United States. Easy Tutor says

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