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LEFT Function

Posted By: Sarita Patel     Category: SQL Server     Views: 6561

This article explains the use of LEFT function in sql server with examples.

LEFT function is used to get left part of the specified string with the specified number of characters.  

Syntax of LEFT Function :

LEFT ( character_expression ,integer_expression )

character_expression is an expression of character or binary data. character_expression can be a constant, variable, or column. character_expression can be of any data type except text or ntext. 

integer_expression is a positive integer that specifies how many characters of the character_expression will be returned. It returns an error if integer_expression is negative.

Return type of LEFT function is varchar or nvarchar.

Examples of LEFT Function :

Example 1 : Use of LEFT function in select clause



Above example returns leftmost 6 characters of specified string.

Example 2 : Use of LEFT function to display leftmost 10 characters of table field.

SELECT LEFT(ShipName,10)  
FROM    Orders

Vins et al
Toms Spezi
Hanari Car
Suprêmes d
Hanari Car

Above example displays leftmost 10 characters from field ShipName of orders table.

Example 3 : Use of LEFT function in where clause

FROM    Orders
WHERE  LEFT(ShipName,2) = 'to'

Toms Spezialitäten
Tortuga Restaurante

Above example displays unique ship name starting with characters 'to' in order table. 


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Sarita Patel
Sarita Patel author of LEFT Function is from United States.
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