Logo 
Search:

C++ Programming Articles

Submit Article
Home » Articles » C++ Programming » Computer GraphicsRSS Feeds

Program to illustrate the implementation of Translation Transformation

Posted By: Easy Tutor     Category: C++ Programming     Views: 4137

Write a program to illustrate the implementation of Translation Transformation.

Code for Program to illustrate the implementation of Translation Transformation in C++ Programming

 # include <iostream.h>
 # include <graphics.h>
 # include    <conio.h>
 # include     <math.h>


 # define  f                 0.3
 # define  projection_angle   45


 void show_screen( );

 void apply_translation(int[8][3],constint,constint,constint);
 void multiply_matrices(constfloat[4],constfloat[4][4],float[4]);

 void draw_cube(int [8][3]);
 void get_projected_point(int&,int&,int&);

 void Line(constint,constint,constint,constint);


 int main( )
    {
       int driver=VGA;
       int mode=VGAHI;

       initgraph(&driver,&mode,"..\\Bgi");

       show_screen( );

       int cube[8][3]={
             {270,200,50},      //  front left top
             {370,200,50},      //  front right top
             {370,300,50},      //  front right bottom
             {270,300,50},      //  front left bottom
             {270,200,-50},     //  back left top
             {370,200,-50},     //  back right top
             {370,300,-50},     //  back right bottom
             {270,300,-50}      //  back left bottom
              };

       setcolor(15);
     draw_cube(cube);

       setcolor(15);
       settextstyle(0,0,1);
     outtextxy(50,415,"*** Use Arrows, + & - Keys to apply Translation.");

       int key_code_1=0;
       int key_code_2=0;

       char Key_1=NULL;
       char Key_2=NULL;

       do
      {
         Key_1=NULL;
         Key_2=NULL;
         key_code_1=0;
         key_code_2=0;

         Key_1=getch( );
         key_code_1=int(Key_1);

         if(key_code_1==0)
        {
           Key_2=getch( );
           key_code_2=int(Key_2);
        }

         if(key_code_1==27)
        break;

         elseif(key_code_1==43)
        {
           setfillstyle(1,0);
             bar(40,70,600,410);

           apply_translation(cube,0,0,25);

           setcolor(7);
             draw_cube(cube);
        }

         elseif(key_code_1==45)
        {
           setfillstyle(1,0);
             bar(40,70,600,410);

           apply_translation(cube,0,0,-25);

           setcolor(8);
             draw_cube(cube);
        }

         elseif(key_code_1==0)
        {
           if(key_code_2==72)
              {
             setfillstyle(1,0);
               bar(40,70,600,410);

             apply_translation(cube,0,-25,0);

             setcolor(10);
               draw_cube(cube);
              }

           elseif(key_code_2==75)
              {
             setfillstyle(1,0);
               bar(40,70,600,410);

             apply_translation(cube,-25,0,0);

             setcolor(12);
               draw_cube(cube);
              }

           elseif(key_code_2==77)
              {
             setfillstyle(1,0);
               bar(40,70,600,410);

             apply_translation(cube,25,0,0);

             setcolor(14);
               draw_cube(cube);
              }

           elseif(key_code_2==80)
              {
             setfillstyle(1,0);
               bar(40,70,600,410);

             apply_translation(cube,0,25,0);

             setcolor(9);
               draw_cube(cube);
              }
        }
      }
       while(1);

       return 0;
    }


 /*************************************************************************///------------------------  apply_translation( )  -----------------------///*************************************************************************/void apply_translation(int edge_points[8][3],
                     constint Tx,constint Ty,constint Tz)
    {
       for(int count=0;count<8;count++)
      {
         float matrix_a[4]={edge_points[count][0],edge_points[count][1],
                            edge_points[count][2],1};
         float matrix_b[4][4]={ { 1,0,0,0 } , { 0,1,0,0 } ,
                  { 0,0,1,0 } ,{ Tx,Ty,Tz,1 } };
         float matrix_c[4]={0};

         multiply_matrices(matrix_a,matrix_b,matrix_c);

         edge_points[count][0]=(int)(matrix_c[0]+0.5);
         edge_points[count][1]=(int)(matrix_c[1]+0.5);
         edge_points[count][2]=(int)(matrix_c[2]+0.5);
      }
    }

 /************************************************************************///----------------------  multiply_matrices( )  ------------------------///************************************************************************/void multiply_matrices(constfloat matrix_1[4],
                  constfloat matrix_2[4][4],float matrix_3[4])
    {
       for(int count_1=0;count_1<4;count_1++)
      {
         for(int count_2=0;count_2<4;count_2++)
        matrix_3[count_1]+=
               (matrix_1[count_2]*matrix_2[count_2][count_1]);
      }
    }

 /************************************************************************///----------------------------  draw_cube( )  --------------------------///************************************************************************/void draw_cube(int edge_points[8][3])
    {
       for(int i=0;i<8;i++)
      get_projected_point(edge_points[i][0],
                     edge_points[i][1],edge_points[i][2]);

     Line(edge_points[0][0],edge_points[0][1],
                     edge_points[1][0],edge_points[1][1]);
     Line(edge_points[1][0],edge_points[1][1],
                     edge_points[2][0],edge_points[2][1]);
     Line(edge_points[2][0],edge_points[2][1],
                     edge_points[3][0],edge_points[3][1]);
     Line(edge_points[3][0],edge_points[3][1],
                     edge_points[0][0],edge_points[0][1]);

     Line(edge_points[4][0],edge_points[4][1],
                     edge_points[5][0],edge_points[5][1]);
     Line(edge_points[5][0],edge_points[5][1],
                     edge_points[6][0],edge_points[6][1]);
     Line(edge_points[6][0],edge_points[6][1],
                     edge_points[7][0],edge_points[7][1]);
     Line(edge_points[7][0],edge_points[7][1],
                     edge_points[4][0],edge_points[4][1]);


     Line(edge_points[0][0],edge_points[0][1],
                      edge_points[4][0],edge_points[4][1]);
     Line(edge_points[1][0],edge_points[1][1],
                      edge_points[5][0],edge_points[5][1]);
     Line(edge_points[2][0],edge_points[2][1],
                      edge_points[6][0],edge_points[6][1]);
     Line(edge_points[3][0],edge_points[3][1],
                      edge_points[7][0],edge_points[7][1]);
    }

 /************************************************************************///---------------------  get_projected_point( )  -----------------------///************************************************************************/void get_projected_point(int& x,int& y,int& z)
    {
       float fcos0=(f*cos(projection_angle*(M_PI/180)));
       float fsin0=(f*sin(projection_angle*(M_PI/180)));

       float Par_v[4][4]={
                {1,0,0,0},
                {0,1,0,0},
                {fcos0,fsin0,0,0},
                {0,0,0,1}
             };

       float xy[4]={x,y,z,1};
       float new_xy[4]={0};

       multiply_matrices(xy,Par_v,new_xy);

       x=(int)(new_xy[0]+0.5);
       y=(int)(new_xy[1]+0.5);
       z=(int)(new_xy[2]+0.5);
    }

 /*************************************************************************///-------------------------------  Line( )  -----------------------------///*************************************************************************/void Line(constint x_1,constint y_1,constint x_2,constint y_2)
    {
       int color=getcolor( );

       int x1=x_1;
       int y1=y_1;

       int x2=x_2;
       int y2=y_2;

       if(x_1>x_2)
      {
         x1=x_2;
         y1=y_2;

         x2=x_1;
         y2=y_1;
      }

       int dx=abs(x2-x1);
       int dy=abs(y2-y1);
       int inc_dec=((y2>=y1)?1:-1);

       if(dx>dy)
      {
         int two_dy=(2*dy);
         int two_dy_dx=(2*(dy-dx));
         int p=((2*dy)-dx);

         int x=x1;
         int y=y1;

         putpixel(x,y,color);

         while(x<x2)
        {
           x++;

           if(p<0)
              p+=two_dy;

           else
              {
             y+=inc_dec;
             p+=two_dy_dx;
              }

           putpixel(x,y,color);
        }
      }

       else
      {
         int two_dx=(2*dx);
         int two_dx_dy=(2*(dx-dy));
         int p=((2*dx)-dy);

         int x=x1;
         int y=y1;

         putpixel(x,y,color);

         while(y!=y2)
        {
           y+=inc_dec;

           if(p<0)
              p+=two_dx;

           else
              {
             x++;
             p+=two_dx_dy;
              }

           putpixel(x,y,color);
        }
      }
    }

 /*************************************************************************///--------------------------  show_screen( )  ---------------------------///*************************************************************************/void show_screen( )
    {
       setfillstyle(1,1);
     bar(205,26,430,38);

       settextstyle(0,0,1);
     setcolor(15);
       outtextxy(5,5,"******************************************************************************");
       outtextxy(5,17,"*-**************************************************************************-*");
       outtextxy(5,29,"*----------------------                               -----------------------*");
       outtextxy(5,41,"*-**************************************************************************-*");
       outtextxy(5,53,"*-**************************************************************************-*");

     setcolor(11);
       outtextxy(210,29,"Translation Transformation");

     setcolor(15);

       for(int count=0;count<=30;count++)
          outtextxy(5,(65+(count*12)),"*-*                                                                        *-*");

       outtextxy(5,438,"*-**************************************************************************-*");
       outtextxy(5,450,"*-------------------------                          -------------------------*");
       outtextxy(5,462,"******************************************************************************");

     setcolor(12);
       outtextxy(229,450,"Press any Key to exit.");
    }
  
Share: 



Easy Tutor
Easy Tutor author of Program to illustrate the implementation of Translation Transformation is from United States. Easy Tutor says

Hello Friends,

I am Free Lance Tutor, who helped student in completing their homework.

I have 4 Years of hands on experience on helping student in completing their homework. I also guide them in doing their final year projects.

I have share many programs on this website for everyone to use freely, if you need further assistance, than please contact me on easytutor.2ya [at the rate] gmail [dot] com

I have special discount scheme for providing tutor services. I am providing tutor service to students from various contries, currently most of my students are from United States, India, Australia, Pakistan, Germany, UK and Canada.

I am also here to expand my technical network to receive more opportunity in my career, make friends to help them in resolving their technical problem, learn and share my knowledge, If you like to be my friend, Please send me friend request.

Thanks,
Happy Programming :)

 
View All Articles

Related Articles and Code:


 
Please enter your Comment

  • Comment should be atleast 30 Characters.
  • Please put code inside [Code] your code [/Code].

 
No Comment Found, Be the First to post comment!