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Program that will read a binary number and print it on the next line in decimal form using DIV instruction and OUTDEC procedure.

Posted By: Easy Tutor     Category: Assembly Language     Views: 5480

An AL Program that will read a binary number and print it on the next line in decimal form using DIV instruction and OUTDEC procedure.

Code for Program that will read a binary number and print it on the next line in decimal form using DIV instruction and OUTDEC procedure. in Assembly Language

 .MODEL SMALL
 .STACK 100H

 .DATA
   PROMPT_1  DB  'Enter a Binary number (max 16-bit) : $'
   PROMPT_2  DB  0DH,0AH,'The equivalent Decimal number is : $'
   ILLEGAL   DB  0DH,0AH,'Illegal character. Try again : $'

 .CODE
   MAIN PROC
     MOV AX, @DATA                ; initialize DS
     MOV DS, AX

     LEA DX, PROMPT_1             ; load and display the string PROMPT_1
     MOV AH, 9
     INT 21H

     CALL BINARY_INPUT            ; call the procedure BINARY_INPUT

     LEA DX, PROMPT_2             ; load and display the string PROMPT_2
     MOV AH, 9 
     INT 21H

     MOV AX, BX                   ; set AX=BX
     CALL OUTDEC                  ; call the procedure OUTDEC

     MOV AH, 4CH                  ; return control to DOS
     INT 21H
   MAIN ENDP

 ;**************************************************************************;
 ;**************************************************************************;
 ;-------------------------  Procedure Definitions  ------------------------;
 ;**************************************************************************;
 ;**************************************************************************;

 ;**************************************************************************;
 ;----------------------------  BINARY_INPUT  ------------------------------;
 ;**************************************************************************;

 BINARY_INPUT PROC
   ; this procedure will read a number in binary form    
   ; input : none
   ; output : store binary number in BX
   ; uses : MAIN

   JMP @AGAIN                     ; jump to label @AGAIN 

   @ERROR:                        ; jump label

   LEA DX, ILLEGAL                ; load and display the string ILLEGAL
   MOV AH, 9
   INT 21H

   @AGAIN:                        ; jump label

   MOV CX, 16                     ; initialize loop counter
   XOR BX, BX                     ; clear BX
   MOV AH, 1                      ; set input function

   @INPUT:                        ; loop label
     INT 21H                      ; read a digit

     CMP AL, 0DH                  ; compare input and CR
     JE @END                      ; jump to label @END if input is CR

     CMP AL, 30H                  ; compare AL with 0
     JL @ERROR                    ; jump to label @ERROR if AL<0

     CMP AL, 31H                  ; compare AL with 1
     JG @ERROR                    ; jump to label @ERROR if AL>1

     AND AL, 0FH                  ; convert ascii to decimal code
     SHL BX, 1                    ; shift BX by 1 position towards left
     OR  BL, AL                   ; place the input decimal digit in BL
   LOOP @INPUT                    ; jump to label @INPUT if CX!=0

   @END:                          ; jump label

   RET                            ; return control to the calling procedure
 BINARY_INPUT ENDP

 ;**************************************************************************;
 ;-------------------------------  OUTDEC  ---------------------------------;
 ;**************************************************************************;

 OUTDEC PROC
   ; this procedure will display a decimal number
   ; input : AX
   ; output : none
   ; uses : MAIN

   PUSH BX                        ; push BX onto the STACK
   PUSH CX                        ; push CX onto the STACK
   PUSH DX                        ; push DX onto the STACK

   CMP AX, 0                      ; compare AX with 0
   JGE @START                     ; jump to label @START if AX>=0

   PUSH AX                        ; push AX onto the STACK

   MOV AH, 2                      ; set output function
   MOV DL, "-"                    ; set DL='-'
   INT 21H                        ; print the character

   POP AX                         ; pop a value from STACK into AX

   NEG AX                         ; take 2's complement of AX

   @START:                        ; jump label

   XOR CX, CX                     ; clear CX
   MOV BX, 10                     ; set BX=10

   @REPEAT:                       ; loop label
     XOR DX, DX                   ; clear DX
     DIV BX                       ; divide AX by BX
     PUSH DX                      ; push DX onto the STACK
     INC CX                       ; increment CX
     OR AX, AX                    ; take OR of Ax with AX
   JNE @REPEAT                    ; jump to label @REPEAT if ZF=0

   MOV AH, 2                      ; set output function

   @DISPLAY:                      ; loop label
     POP DX                       ; pop a value from STACK to DX
     OR DL, 30H                   ; convert decimal to ascii code
     INT 21H                      ; print a character
   LOOP @DISPLAY                  ; jump to label @DISPLAY if CX!=0

   POP DX                         ; pop a value from STACK into DX
   POP CX                         ; pop a value from STACK into CX
   POP BX                         ; pop a value from STACK into BX

   RET                            ; return control to the calling procedure
 OUTDEC ENDP

 ;**************************************************************************;
 ;--------------------------------------------------------------------------;
 ;**************************************************************************;

 END MAIN

 ;**************************************************************************;
 ;**************************************************************************;
 ;------------------------------  THE END  ---------------------------------;
 ;**************************************************************************;
 ;**************************************************************************;
  
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Easy Tutor
Easy Tutor author of Program that will read a binary number and print it on the next line in decimal form using DIV instruction and OUTDEC procedure. is from United States. Easy Tutor says

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